Poverty alleviation programmes


Poverty alleviation programmes in India can be categorized based on whether it’s for rural areas or urban areas in the country. The objective of these programmes is to reduce poverty in the country by providing access to food, monetary help and providing basic necessities of life to people living below Poverty line. Some of the famous poverty alleviation programmes in India are-

JAWAHAR GRAM SAMRIDHI YOJANA (JSY) 

JSY was started in 1 april 1999.The main aim of this programme is development of rural areas. It's secondary objective is to provide wage employment to people living below poverty line.

NATIONAL OLD AGE PENSION SCHEME (NOAPS) 

It was started in 15 August 1995.It aims at providing allowance to old age people(above 60 years) who don’t have any means to sustain themselves. The pension is worth ₹2,000 and is given by central bank. 

INTEGRATED RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME

IRDP in India is among the world's most ambitious programs to alleviate rural poverty by providing income generated assets to the poorest of the poor. It was implemented in 1978-79.

PRADHAN MANTRI GRAMIN AWAS YOJANA

This scheme aimed at creating housing for everyone. It was initiated in 1985.This scheme also aims at providing loans to people at subsidized rates. It was started in 1999-2000.

SWARNA JAYANTI SHAHARI ROZGAR YOJANA

It is a centrally sponsored  scheme which came into effect on 1 December 1997.It aims at providing gainful employment to urban unemployed and underemployed poor through encouraging setting up of self-employment ventures. 

NATIONAL FOOD FOR WORK PROGRAMME 

It was launched by minister of Rural Development, central government on 14 November 2004 in 150 of the most backward districts of India with the aim of providing supplementary wage programme. The programme is open for all Indian poor who are ready to do manual unskilled labour and are in need of wage Employment. It is implemented as a centrally sponsored scheme. The programme has been subsumed in National Rural Employment Guarantee act 2005 . 

MAHATMA GANDHI NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE ACT 2005

It’s main objective is to upgrade livelihood, security in rural areas by providing atleast 100 days of wage employment in financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. Another aim is to create durable assets(such as roads, canals, ponds, lakes etc). Employment is to be generated within 5 km of candidate’s address, and minimum wages are to be paid. 

NATIONAL FAMILY BENEFIT SCHEME 

It aims at providing lump sum family benefit of 10000 per month to the bereaved households in case of death of income provider of the house. It is applicable for the age group(18-64). 

PRIME MINISTER'S EMPLOYMENT GENERATION PROGRAMME 

These scheme is implemented by khadi and village industries commissions. It's aim is to produce employment opportunities in both urban and rural areas by encouraging self-employment projects, micro-enterprises and ventures. 

SWARNA JAYANTI GRAM SWAROZGAR YOJANA

SGSY is being implemented since April 1999 as a major anti-poverty scheme for the rural poor, by organizing them into self-help groups