PLACES UN-TURNED BY AIRPLANES

  NO-FLY ZONE   


People think that airplanes have left no place un-turned!! But that's not the case. There are few places (some of them are very famous) where airplanes, as well as drones, are prohibited.


Such places are called No-Fly Zone. By definition, a no-fly zone, also known as a no-flight zone (NFZ), or air exclusion zone (AEZ), is a military power over which certain aircraft are not permitted to fly.


In India following places are prohibited-

  • The Rashtrapati Bhawan, Delhi.
  • Parliament Building, Delhi
  • Prime Minister's residence, Delhi
  • Tirumala Venkateswara Temple, Andhra Pradesh
  • The Taj Mahal, Agra
  • The Tower of Silence, Mumbai
  • Mathura Refinery
  • Bhabha Atomic Research Center
  • Sriharikota Space Station, Andhra Pradesh
  • The Golden Temple
  • A 10km radius no-fly zone over Kalpakkam nuclear installation, Tamil Nadu.
  • Airspace around many Defence and Indian Airforce bases are restricted.



REASONS

There are various reasons for the above-mentioned places being a no-fly zone. Some places are strictly prohibited whereas few places like the Taj Mahal, Golden Temple are restricted, meaning, airplanes can fly but with certain conditions. 

  • The primary reason for Rashtrapati Bhawan, Prime Minister's residence, and many other important buildings being a non -fly zone is the Safety issues.
  • The Tower of silence is a no-fly zone because of large bird activity.
  • Defense and Airforce bases are restricted because of activities dangerous to the flight of the aircraft is happening. (firing range). Also, most of the time their military flying is going on.


TAJ MAHAL

 In 2019, there was an increase in drone activity in restricted airspace. Also, few Russians were caught flying drones over that area. They were detained and later released after a written apology.

Due to this reason, the Agra police started to create awareness among tourists about the no-fly zone in the vicinity of the Taj Mahal.

Apart from safety, there is one more reason for it being a no-fly zone, pollution. The Taj Mahal is made up of precious white color marble. Due to increase pollution, it is turning pale. So, the air near the Taj Mahal has to be clean, after all, it is designated as a UNESCO world heritage site.




NOT PROHIBITED


Apart from these no-fly zones, airlines generally avoid flying over Mt Everest or the Himalayan Ranges due to various reasons

  • The Himalayas are at 20,000ft and Mt Everest is 29,000ft. Flying high is not an issue, the main problem is the oxygen. It is available for only 15-20 min. So, if sudden decompression occurs, pilots must take the plane down to 10,000 ft for passengers to breathe properly, but the plane is still flying over the Himalayas, there is no place to drop this low.
  • If due to some technical reason (engine failure) it is necessary to go for an emergency landing then there will be no place to go to.
  • The winds over these areas are very strong and can turn any ride into a rough one, shaking the airplane to an extent that the passengers might feel sick and scared.