CLIMATE BREAKDOWN

 Taken as a whole, the range of published evidence indicates that the net damage costs of climate change are likely to be significant and to increase overtime.

                      - Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Crisis(IPCC)     

 CLIMATE CHANGE

Climate change is a long-term shift in global or regional climate patterns. These includes warming temperatures and changes in rainfall which in turn causes-
  • Rising sea levels,
  • Reduction of glaciers,
  • changes in flower and plant blooming time, etc
people usually misunderstand climate with weather. Weather refers to short term atmospheric conditions while climate is the weather of a specific region averaged over a long period of time.


IPCC RESEARCH

IPCC  has found out that -
  • Temperatures are likely to rise by more than 1.5 degree celsius above pre-industrial level over next 2 decades. For 1.5 degrees of global warming, there will be increasing heat waves, longer warm seasons and shorter cold seasons.
  • It is not just about temperature, Climate change is bringing various different changes-
  1. INTENSIFYING WATER CYCLE- As a result there will be more intense rainfall comprising of floods and more intense drought in many regions.
  2. AFFECTING RAINFALL PATTERN- Precipitation is likely to increase in higher latitudes and expected to decrease over large parts of subtropics.
  3. INTENSIFICATION OF HEAT- It will lead to loss of seasonal snow cover, melting of glaciers, loss of summer arctic sea ice. In oceans, more frequent marine heatwaves, ocean acidification and reduced oxygen levels will affect ocean ecosystem.
  4. RISE IN SEA LEVEL- The sea level has already risen by 20cm. If it does not stop then coastal areas will experience severe flooding.
  • The Indian Ocean's temperature has been increased faster than the global average.
  • Climate change is unambiguously caused by human activities. Humans are to be blamed for this.
IPCC has also mentioned that the Paris agreement climate targets (not crossing the global temperature by 1.5 degree celsius) will soon be out of reach as we have already produced enough green house gas in the atmosphere to heat up the planet by 1.5 degrees celsius and soon be crossing 2 degrees. The limit was agreed to 196 countries in COP21 in Paris in 2015.

THE REPERCUSSION OF CLIMATE CHANGE

Let's see what Climate change has done to our planet in just last 1-2 months-
  • Heatwaves in United States have took 116 lives in Oregon and 78 in Washington.
  • Thousands had to flee their home as a result of Dixie fire in California(the second largest wildfire in the state's history).
  • Temperature touched almost 50 degrees in Canada. At least 233 people dies in British Columbia and more than a million shellfish were boiled live in the ocean.
  • Greece is battling with more than 150 wildfires.
  • In Turkey, wildfires have destroyed forests, homes, property killing almost 8 people.
  • Venice has been flooded due to increased, unexpected rainfall.
  • In Russia, the largest country, more than 155 fires are burning.
  • Around last month, Germany was hit by a flood. At least 180 people were killed and 180 people are still missing. Flood also hit Belgium killing at least 20 people.
  • In India many people were killed due to landslides and floods. Several states are affected by heavy rainfall.
  • Parts of Australia were hit by a mini tornado.
  • Its so hot that Dubai had to cool down the city by producing artificial rain by cloud seeding.
  • Kazakhtstan was hit by a severe drought and killed 100 of horses.
All this is not only affecting the natural resources, but also the wildlife. 
This is just a glimpse. If no measures are taken then the things depicted in  movie "2012" will come true. This is the high time to do something instead of sitting at home and posting about climate change. When it comes to speak, many people come forward for debates but when it comes to actually doing something each and every person just pass by.

NATIONAL HYDROGEN MISSION

On the 75th Independence day, Prime Minister, Narendra Modi took up the issue of clean energy in his speech.
India is highly dependent on energy imports (more than Rs 12,00,000 crore). This mission was announced by the government in the Union Budget 2021.
The basis of this mission is to produce clean energy using hydrogen gas. Hydrogen will help in reducing greenhouse gas emission being a replacement for fossil fuel.
The PM has taken a pledge to make India energy independent before completing 100 years of Independence.
To have a clear picture of this mission click here and watch this video.

REFERENCES

  • IPCC 
  • WION
  • Youtube